Shalom. Good morning. Our teaching this morning will be from Genesis 29.31-35.
READ GENESIS 29.31-35
GENESIS 29.31 HATED In Hebrew is; SANNAY – HATED
But there is an interesting Jewish commentary on the word hated as used in this Scripture, “And when The LORD saw that Leah was HATED, He opened her womb, but Rachel was barren.” The commentary is this. Ramban, who was a well-known Jewish sage, one who possessed great wisdom, whose given name was Moses Nahmonides, and lived in the 13th century in Spain, was a Biblical exegete, a Bible interpretor, he was also a Kabbalist, and a Halakist, that is, he was an expert on Jewish law. He was also a poet and a physician. And Ramban quoted Radak whose given name was David Kimhi, who lived in the 13th century in France, and was a commentator of many of the books in the Tanakh, wrote these words about Leah being hated. He wrote that Jacob surely loved Leah. Let me interrupt Radak here with my words. Jacob loved Leah alot. She had 6 sons and a daughter by Jacob: Reuben, Simeon, Levi, Judah, Issachar, Zebulun and Dinah. So, back to Radak’s commentary. Jacob surely loved Leah, he wrote, but his greater love for Rachel made Leah seem unloved, even hated in comparison to the love he had for Rachel. So, for the purpose of our study, we will read, “And when The LORD saw that Leah was UNLOVED, He opened her womb, but Rachel was barren”.
I thought just as a point of information I would give you a little background on these 2 prominent Jewish Bible commentators.
Which brings us to another Scripture with the word HATE in it spoken by Yeshua.
Using the same thinking as Radak, the Jewish commentator, I would say this. Yes, of course Yeshua knows we love our father and mother, our wife and our children, our brothers and sisters, and yes, our own lives also. But I believe Yeshua is saying this. If you love them, and even your own life MORE than you love Me, you cannot be My disciple.
Yeshua never taught us to hate anyone, let alone our own family. On the contrary, He teaches us to love our enemies, bless them that curse you, do good to them that hate you, and pray for them who dispitefully use you and persecute you. So, our love for Messiah MUST BE GREATER THAN our love for anyone else. So that our GREATER LOVE for Messiah will make our love for others seem unloved, even hated in comparison to the love we have for Messiah.
GENESIS 29.31 LEAH LAYAH – weary, tired
RACHEL RAHKHALE – ewe, a female sheep
GENESIS 29.32 REUBEN ROOVAYNE comes from 2 Hebrew words, RAHAH and BAYNE.
RAHAH means see or look.
BAYNE – means son
So Reuben, ROOVAYNE means, look, a son!
Reuben was Jacob’s firstborn and the first of his 12 sons, the ancestors of the 12 tribes of Israel. Reuben being the ancestor of the tribe of Reuben. The territory or region of the tribe of Reuben within Israel was in today’s Jordan, the country west of the Dead Sea, on the other side of the Jordan River.
Mt. Nebo was in the plains of Moab, later to become the region of Reuben in Israel where GOD called Moses up to the top of the mountain before his death to see the land of Israel. And The LORD said to Moses, “I have caused you to see the land with your own eyes, but you will not go over there”. Nebo is still the name of that mountain today in Jordan.
DEUTERONOMY 34.1-8 Pisgah (Deuteronomy 34.1) refers to a specific ridge
or peak associated with Mt. Nebo.
Here is GOD’s promise of the land to His Jewish people.
So in the territory that would be the land allocated to the tribe of Reuben in Israel, and at the top of the mountain, Moses looked Northward to the Sea of Galilee, to the Mediterranean Sea, south to the Negev desert, and along the Jordan valley as far south as Zoar, once located at the southern end of the Dead Sea. And The LORD says in Ezekiel 20.6, “I have searched out for them a land flowing with milk and honey, the most beautiful of all lands”.
Also, the city of Heshbon was in the territory of Reuben. Heshbon was the capital city of Sihon, King of the Ammorites, who had captured the city from the Moabites, and later captured by Israel when King Sihon would not allow Israel to pass through his land to enter Canaan.
I believe according to today’s map of Jordan, the city of Heshbon is now named Hisbon and not too far from Mt. Nebo. Moses died and GOD buried him in a valley in the land of Moab before it became the territory of Reuben, but no man knows where the burial place is, even to this day.
GENESIS 29.33 Hated, or unloved, or not loved as much as Rachel. But Leah kept having children by Jacob, so she couldn’t be that unloved or hated by Jacob.
SIMEON sheemone – hearing with acceptance.
simeon sheemone comes from the Hebrew word SHEHMAH meaning hear and obey.
The tribe of Simeon was the southern-most territory in Israel. It overlapped the southern part of the territory of Judah: that is, it extended over into Judah covering a part of Judah’s territory.
JOSHUA 19.1-5, 9
Here are GOD’s instructions upon entering the land.
2 cities that stand out to me in the inheritance of Simeon are BEERSHEBA and ZIKLAG.
Beersheeba is where Hagar and her son Ishmael wandered after they were sent away by Sarah.
Abraham and his family lived in Beersheeba.
The LORD appeared to Isaac in Beersheba, later the region of Simeon in Israel.
Jacob lived in Beersheeba, and it was from there he fled from his brother Esau.
nbsp; GENESIS 28.10-15
GOD appeared to Jacob in Beersheeba with comforting words when he was bringing his family down to Egypt to join his son Joseph. This was the beginning of the 430 years in Egypt for the children of Israel where they grew into a great nation. The last 400 years were spent as slaves.
GENESIS 46.1-7, 26-27
Today, Beersheba is the largest city in the Negev in southern Isael. It’s often referred to as the capital of the Negev. It’s the 7th largest city in Isreal, and has a population of 195,000. They even have a website, all in Hebrew. They’ve come a long way since the days of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob.
Another city in the inheritance of Simeon was Ziklag. Ziklag was also in the region of Judah. And the men of Amlakites were introduced to David and his men because of what the Amlakites did in Ziklag.
1 SAMUEL 30.1ff
GENESIS 29.34 LEVI LEHVEE – attached
LEVI; LEHVEE comes from the Hebrew word LAHVAH means, to be closely joined
READ GENESIS 29.34
Levi, the 3rd son born to Jacob and Leah was the ancestor of the tribe of Levi whom GOD set apart for the Sanctuary, officiating at The Temple, carrying the ark and so much more. Moses and Aaron were from the family of Levi, and GOD assigned the priesthood to the tribe of Levi, and Aaron was the first High Priest.
DEUTERONOMY 18.1-2, NUMBERS 18.20-24
TENTH (Numbers 18.21) A tithe MAHAHSAYR
The Levites did not inherit any land in Israel as the other tribes did. Their inheritance was GOD and The Priesthood. And they were assigned to the other tribes throughout Israel to serve GOD and teach the people Torah, and all The Word of GOD. Their inheritance besides The Priesthood was GOD Himself. He provided their every need. And the tithes of the people were to the Levites, and the bulk of their food came from the daily sacrifices, and they were the best of all, without blemish.
EPHESIANS 1.11, ROMANS 8.17-18
GENESIS 29.35 JUDAH YEHOODAH Celebrate, praise
The name Judah in Hebrew, Yehhoodah, has the 4 letters of GOD in his name, YHVH
Judah was the 4th son of Jacob and Leah.
The territory of Judah, their inheritance, was the largest of all the tribes of Israel. It’s situated between The Mediterranean Sea and The Dead Sea, from central Israel to the Negev in southern Israel.
And a key prophecy in The T’nakh is that the Jewish Messiah of Israel must descend from Judah, and Messiah Yeshua fulfills every single prophecy, and without question, He is the Messiah. Not only must Messiah descend from Judah, He must be GOD also. Not a god, but THE GOD OF CREATION, THE GOD of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, The Holy One of Israel. Let’s look at a couple of prophecies.
VERSE 8 Judah means praise, and at a time in the future, all Israel and all the world will praise the special descendant of Judah, Messiah The King. And all the children of Jacob, that is all Israel will bow down to Him, Yeshua The Messiah, King of Israel and King over all the earth, at His return.
VERSE 8 Your hand shall be at the neck of your enemies.
VERSE 12 KISS THE SON NAHSHKOO-VAR meaning, The Son, the heir apparent to the throne.
GENESIS 49.9 A lion’s whelp, a cub – can this mean the birth of Messiah, a Child, a Son?
A lion, an old lion, the Lion of Judah is old. He has no beginning or end. He is GOD.
Back to GENESIS 49.10
THE SCEPTRE is the rule of law, and the Romans ruled Israel at the time of Messiah. There’s was the sceptre. The sceptre, or Roman law will not be taken away. Rome was the law-giver in Israel, until Messiah comes. Their law was there when He came. It was there when He died and resurrected. But Roman law will certainly not be in Israel when Messiah returns.
SHILOH – another name or title for Messiah.
GATHERING – YEEKAHHAH – obedience, submission
PEOPLE – people of Israel and all the world.
Messiah Yeshua fulfills every word of that prophecy.
And the prophecy that Messiah must be born in Bethlehem, from the tribe of Judah, be King in Israel, and also be GOD is found in MICAH 5.2
BETHLEHEM EPHRATH – GENESIS 35.19
MICAH 5.2 COME FORTH unto Me – GOD
RULER IN ISRAEL – moeshale beeyisrael
A ruler, one who reigns, a king
WHOSE GOINGS FORTH – OOMOESTAHYTAVE His origin
FROM OF OLD MEEKAHDEHM – from eternity, no beginning and no end – GOD.
FROM EVERLASTING meemay olam; from eternity, without beginning or end – GOD.
Only Messiah Yeshua and Him alone can fulfill this prophecy.A descendant of Judah, born in Bethlehem Who has no beginning or end, Who is GOD, The Messiah of Israel and to all the world, The Holy One of Israel, Yeshua The Messiah.
And finally, Judah is a word or name that the word Jew or Jewish comes from. Jew means one that praises GOD.
JEW YEHHOODI – Comes from Judah.
JUDAH YEHHOODAH means to praise GOD.
PRAISE YAHDAH Genesis 29.35 “Now will I PRAISE The LORD” therefore she called his name Judah,” praise also means to hold out the hand and praise GOD, worship and revere GOD, honor Him, esteem Him, give Him thanks and glory and thanksgiving.
Praise comes from hand YAHD, The raising of hands.
Thus Jew, the word Jew, or Jewish, the name given to GOD’s People by GOD, means one who praises GOD, one who worships GOD and honors Him, one who gives Him honor and glory.
So, what was taught in this message was a lot about the 1st 4 tribes of Israel. But also, Leah wasn’t so hated or unloved by Jacob. After all, she had 6 boys and a daughter by him. I think he loved her a lot, wouldn’t you say? But not as much as he loved Rachel…Jacob had a lot of love in him.
Shalom, Ira Weinstein
Shalom. Good morning. Our teaching this morning will be from Genesis 29.31-35.