Shalom. Our teaching this morning will be from Genesis 47.20-26.
READ GENESIS 47.20-26
GENESIS 47.20-22 VERSE 22 Egyptian priests
47.23-24 VERSE 24 The increase – income
That is, when the time comes and your lands start to generate income from your harvest and flocks and herds, you must give your king Pharaoh 20% of your income and 80% belongs to you for seed and for food and for them in your houses, and food for your little ones. Joseph taxed the Egyptians 20% of their incomes.
47.25 You have saved our lives, they said to Joseph. Let us find grace in the sight of my lord. That is, we are grateful to you, and we will be servants to Pharaoh.
47.26 So Joseph made it a law over the land of Egypt to this day, or the law is valid to this day, that Pharaoh will receive 20% of all their income, except he would receive nothing from the Egyptian priests.
I know I speak often about The Law in our teachings because The Law is The Word of GOD. Egypt had laws. Every country in the world has laws, and GOD Himself has Laws. So, I would like to spend some time this morning on the Divine Law, GOD’s Law which GOD requires us to observe, and the Talmud, the Rabbinic law which GOD DOES NOT require us to observe.
Webster’s dictionary describes law as a binding custom or practice of a community: a rule of conduct or action prescribed or formally recognized as binding or enforced by a controlling authority. Also Webster’s, listen to this, describes law as the revelation of the will of GOD set forth in The Old Testament known as The Torah. Then they say, see Bible.
I believe strongly in my heart that as a preacher and teacher of The Bible, GOD would have me teach the truth about GOD and His Messiah, and His Word which is His Divine Law. Divine Law means GOD’s Law. GOD’s Law that proceeds directly from GOD. There are countless laws in this world. Joseph made a law for Egypt in his day in addition to the many Egyptian laws. Nevada has laws. The United States has laws. The world has laws, and GOD has Laws, and GOD’s Law is called The Torah, also known as The Law of Moses which Laws come directly from GOD to us and to the world, GOD’s Creation.
TORAH means GOD’s teachings, His instructions and His Law. It is GOD’s Divine Law that proceeds directly from GOD. It is every Word He speaks. The Torah contains The 10 Commandments, GOD’s teachings, His instructions, and His Laws. The Torah, that is GOD’s Divine Law, The Law of Moses explains how we are to live our lives, and the type of relationship we are to maintain with GOD and Messiah, and with the world. As a point of information, The Torah, GOD’s Law of Moses was followed by the early church but later disallowed and abolished by the church at a later date in the 3rd or 4th Centuries A.D. Torah is The Divine Law given to Israel and all the world to do and perform, and it is an everlasting Law.
As far back as 3,400 years ago, GOD appointed One Law, One Torah if you will, for the children of Israel, AND THE SAME LAW FOR THE NON-JEWISH PEOPLE, THOSE WHO WORSHIP THE GOD OF ISRAEL, THE GOD OF ABRAHAM, ISAAC AND JACOB. GOD said it is an Ordinance, a Law forever. And GOD never changes. Thus to recognize The GOD of The Bible, and to acknowledge The GOD of Israel, one must serve Him and obey His Law, The Torah, The Law of Moses.
One Law shall be to him/her that is homeborn, and unto the stranger that sojourns among you. (written and commanded some 3,400 years ago.)
HOMEBORN – EZRAKH – A native. In this Scripture, the homeborn or native is identified by birth and origin from Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, and the 12 tribes of Jacob or the 12 tribes of Israel. Thus One Law for the homeborn Israel , and the same Law for the stranger that sojourns among you.
STRANGER – GAYR – a foreigner, that is not born from Abraham, Isaac and Jacob and the 12 tribes of Isael, or one who is not Jewish.
SOJOURNS WITH YOU. THOSE WHO JOIN YOU BY WORSHIPPING THE GOD OF ISRAEL, THE GOD OF ABRAHAM, ISAAC AND JACOB.
Why is GOD’s Law required for both Jew and Gentile? First, because GOD said so, and because the mixed multitude of non-Jewish people worshipped The GOD of Israel; The GOD of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, and an important part of that worship is obeying The Laws of The GOD of Israel.
Today, the non-Jewish people in Messiah Yeshua worship The GOD of Israel, The GOD of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob. Thus you join in with Israel. You are grafted in with the House of Israel, the Jewish People because you worship The GOD of Israel, and you trust in His Messiah Yeshua Who Himself is The GOD of Israel. Thus GOD says, One Law for the House of Israel and the non-Jewish people who have received The Messiah Yeshua, The Mighty GOD of Jacob, and worship Him. And Yeshua is The GOD of Israel.
So how is one grafted into the House of Israel? How does the non-Jewish person join in with Israel? Believing in Messiah is a good start.
It’s interesting to note that the Hebrew word for homeborn is ezrakh, and is described not only as a native, but as a tree, or persons. Paul picked up on the tree definition.
The tree is symbolic of the House of Israel, the Jewish People. The root of the tree is GOD The Messiah. The branches are the Jewish People.
Non-Jewish people, or the wild olive tree are grafted in among them and with them, that is with Israel, with the Jewish People, and participate in all the blessings and hope and covenants of promise, and participate in GOD, and with GOD. You are now fully part of GOD’s Chosen People.
So how are you grafted into the House of Israel? It’s simple. You already believe in the Jewish Messiah Yeshua. And GOD is your Father, The GOD of Israel, The GOD of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob. The LORD or Hosts is His Name. And you worship Him. Thus GOD requires you, as He does the House of Israel, to keep His Laws and Commandments, His teachings and instructions. Then you are grafted into Israel and become fully part of GOD’s Chosen People, participating in all His Covenants of Promise, all His Blessings, having the fulness of GOD, His Holy Spirit living in you, and living your life as GOD your Father has ordained for you, to walk in His ways.
Let’s continue with what is called the Talmud, or the oral law, or the Jewish law, or Rabbinic law. In the days of The Old Testament, Judaism was known as Biblical Judaism. But now Judaism is known as Rabbinic Judaism because the laws of Judaism are Rabbinic along with The Torah.
The Torah, or The Law of Moses is known in Judaism as the written law because it is written in its entirety in The Bible. The Talmud is not written in The Bible, that is much of it is not written in The Word of GOD. But has many Rabbinic laws. Many laws that are not divine, and not from GOD, and not from The Bible. Although some will say that Talmud, the oral law is divine; it is not. GOD requires us to keep Torah, The Law of Moses. GOD does not require us to keep Talmud, the oral law, or the Rabbinic laws. Many of the commandments in Talm
ud are the commandments of men, and not of GOD. All religions have man made laws and commandments. And often the commandments of men cause people to reject The Commandments of GOD. Here is a commandment of man that causes people to reject the Commandment of GOD. The Law of Moses is dead. It is fulfilled in Jesus Christ. It is no longer in force. That false doctrine causes people to reject The Commandments of GOD. Yeshua found Himself in confrontation with the Pharisees because they wanted Him to observe Talmud, the laws of the Rabbis. And Yeshua rejected those traditions that were not in The Bible.
The Talmud, which is the oral law or the Jewish law, has numerous laws outside The Bible, laws not written in The Bible and is impossible to follow with its multitude of laws. The Torah, GOD’s Law of Moses is often in disagreement with many Rabbinic laws. Webster’s dictionary describes religion, all religions as having a specific fundamental set of beliefs and practices GENERALLY AGREED UPON BY A NUMBER OF PERSONS. However, as a Believer in Messiah, our fundamental set of beliefs and practices are based exclusively on what is written in The Bible, The Old Testament and The New Testament and nothing else.
The Talmud or the oral law was written by many Rabbis over a period of hundreds of years in which are collected the teachings of the major Jewish scholars who flourished between 200 and 500 CE or AD. There was no Talmud during the days of T’nakh, The Old Testament. The Rabbis say, in the absence of the oral law, or without the Talmud, it would be impossible to carry out most of the Biblical Commandments. That is we cannot possibly understand GOD’s Divine Law, The Law of Moses without accepting the oral law with its thousands of man made laws. That is simply not true. For example, Rabbinic law defines what forbidden work on the Sabbath Day is. And they have created numerous laws of what is forbidden work on the Sabbath days. GOD explains The Sabbath to us.
EXODUS 20.8-11, EXODUS 35.3, MATTHEW 12.11-12
(Exodus 20.11) HALLOWED – KAHDAHSH – holy and set apart.
Because there are so many man made laws in Talmud, it is impossible to follow all of them.
While we are on the subject of law, there is no single Greek word in The New Testament for Talmud, the Rabbinic law. The New Testament uses the word law or the Greek word nomos for both Torah, The Law of Moses, and Talmud, the laws of the Rabbis. It’s important to know which one is being spoken of in Scripture.
ACTS 15.8-10 That yoke is the Talmud, the Rabbinic law,
and it is impossible to follow all its laws.
ACTS 15.24 SUBVERTING – upsetting you.
Must keep the law (THE TALMUD). We give no such commandment.
But GOD’s Divine Law, His Law of Moses is NOT impossible to follow. John says it is not difficult.
1 JOHN 5.3
Let’s look at some Scriptures on Torah, GOD’s Divine Law, His Law of Moses, because GOD gave The Law to Moses to give to the House of Israel to give to the world through The Bible.
JOSHUA 1.7-9, MATTHEW 3.1-2, MATTHEW 4.4, 19
MATTHEW 5.17-18, MATTHEW 7.21-23,
MATTHEW 11.1 (FROM OLD TESTAMENT),
MATTHEW 22.17-21, LUKE 8.19-21
(The only way to have a relationship with Messiah is to hear The Word of GOD, and do it. The Torah, His Divine Law and that is The Word of GOD.)
JOHN 17.6, 8, 14, 17, ACTS 1.8 (Witness the Truth, Torah)
Jesus/Yeshua is GOD The Father (John 14.9)
The GOD of Israel
ACTS 5.31-32, ROMANS 8.6-7 CARNAL – without The Holy Spirit.
SPIRITUAL MINDED – follow GOD and Torah.
ENMITY – opposition and hatred to GOD and
cannot obey The Law.
1 CORINTHIANS 4.16 (Paul followed Torah) 1 CORINTHIANS 7.19 Commandments=
1 CORINTHIANS 14.34, 1 CORINTHIANS 15.56 (The Law teaches what sin is).
GALATIANS 1.8-12 The Gospel is Torah, The Word of GOD. Persuade = to believe,
GALATIANS 5.1 (Liberty from sin and death. The yoke of bondage is sin. Liberty comes from Messiah Who atones or forgives our sins. Then we live a Lawful life of not sinning by obeying GOD’s Torah.)
GALATIANS 5.7 (The Truth is Torah, The Word of GOD. Who told you not to obey it?)
2 PETER 3.14-18 WREST – pervert, torture, twist, poison, turn away.
WICKED – Lawless, do not obey The Divine Law , The Torah,
The Law of Moses.
1 JOHN 1.9-10, 1 JOHN 2.1-7, 17 (Yeshua is GOD The Father, The Holy One of Israel)
1 JOHN 3.1-10, 18, 22, 24, 1 JOHN 5.2-4
So let’s close with Peter’s words in 1 Peter which I think sums up this teaching.
1 PETER 1.13-25
VERSE 13 – gird up the loins of your mind – Prepare to lead a GODLY life.
VERSE 21 – you believe in GOD The Father, The GOD of Israel. Thus He requires you to obey Him, His Torah.
In answer to our question, are The Torah and Talmud Divine? The Torah, The Law of Moses is Divine. It proceeds directly out of the Mouth of The LORD our GOD. The Talmud is not divine. To be specific, The Laws that are in the Talmud from Torah are Divine. However, the laws of the Rabbis do not proceed out of The Mouth of GOD and are not in The Bible. Thus those laws are not divine.
Shalom, Ira Weinstein
GENESIS 47.20-26; THE TORAH AND THE TALMUD. ARE THEY DIVINE?
Shalom. Our teaching this morning will be from Genesis 47.20-26.