HANUKKAH IN PROPHECY, DANIEL 8.1-27

Shalom.  Today is the 4th day of Hanukkah.  It’s an 8 day holiday and although it is not a commanded festival of The LORD, it is a memorable and important time for Israel and all Jewish people, and those who love Jewish people.  Thus our message this morning will be about Hanukkah and the events found in prophecy that lead up to Hanukkah.  And that’s what our message will be about, Hanukkah in prophecy.  But first, let’s review some information about Hanukkah.

– Hanukkah in Hebrew means dedication.  The time was 165 B.C.E or BC.
– It’s also known as Hag Ha-Urim, meaning the Festival of Lights.
– Hanukkah honors the memory of the rededication of the 2nd Temple after the Jewish people were victorious over the Syrians who persecuted the Jews killing thousands and auctioning off thousands into slavery.  The Syrians hatefully desecrated the Temple of GOD with Greek idols and pig sacrifices.  The king of Syria, Antiochus Epiphanes also ordered the end of all Torah observance including Shabbat observance, circumcision and possession of a Torah scroll. All punishable by death.
– It’s interesting to note that The Torah which is The Law GOD gave to Moses for Israel and all the world is still rejected and hated by much of mankind today.  This is also a work of satan, who was the engine in Antiochus Epiphanes.
– The 2nd Temple that was descrated by the Syrians is The Temple Yeshua walked in and taught in.
– The events leading up to Hanukkah were brought upon Israel because of her sins against GOD, breaking His Law, The Law of Moses.
– However, Hanukkah, The Rededication of The Temple, and the great victory over the Syrians, is an 8 day holiday and a time of joy and thansgiving.
– It is not commanded by GOD to observe.  It is not a fast or a Sabbath except the Sabbath on Friday at sundown to Saturday at sundown.
– Hanukkah became official when the Macaabees defeated the Syrian army and sent them packing on the 25th of Kislev, 165 B.C.E., 2,176 years ago.  The 25th of the Hebrew month Kislev was this past Tuesday evening at sundown.
– The Hanukkiyah, the 8 branched menorah is lit every evening for 8 days starting with 1 candle and adding a candle every evening.  Why?  Because when The Temple was rededicated, pure oil that was found in The Temple was sufficient to burn in the menorah or the 7 branched candlestick at the Temple for only 1 day, but miraculously burned for 8 days until supplies could be provided.
– Spinning the dreidl and giving little gifts to children are popular during Hanukkah.
– The Sephardim, the Jewish people from Spain and Portugal recite Psalm 30 on Hanukkah, while Psalms 113-118 called The Hallel or Praise are read by most Jewish people on the holiday.  We’ll read PSALM 30 this morning.

Hanukkah is more than lighting the Hanukkiyah, the 8 branched menorah, or spinning dreidls.  It’s a story of courage and strength, and if you will, the work of The LORD GOD behind the scenes.  It’s a story of a maniacal Syrian king, Antiochus Epiphanes who hated the Jews and despised The Torah, The Word of GOD, and sought to convert the Jewish people to his own pagan religion, while killing thousands of Jews.  Finally, the Jewish Macabees, a guerilla warfare group booted the Syrians out of town.  They defeated the Syrian army in combat.

The historical source of Hanukkah is found in 1 Macaabees in the Apocrypha, and prophesied in Daniel Chapter 8.  This morning we’ll look into Daniel’s prophecy in Daniel 8.

DANIEL 8.1  King Belshazzar – King of Babylon

This prophecy takes place when the Jewish people were in exile in Babylon and Persia around 535 B.C.E.

VISION – prophetic vision or dream from GOD about future events.  This vision lasted from the evening to the morning.

THE VISION at the first – Daniel had a vision earlier about 4 beasts, in Daniel 7.

– This vision is about the painful events leading up to Hanukkah.

8.2  Shushan was a Palace in Elam in Persia, today’s Iran.
ULAI – a river in Persia

8.3  The ram, as explained later, sybolized the great Persian empire.
2 HORNS – the kings of Persia and Media – Media – Northern Iran today where Teheran is located.
– The Persian empire included Persia, all the countries from India to Ethiopia, all the Middle East, and Israel.
– The higher horn, I believe was symbolic of Cyrus the great king of the Persian empire.

8.4  No army could stand against this great Persian empire.  Persia, under Cyrus the great conquered the Babylonian Empire in 539 B.C.E.

8.5  HE GOAT, explained later, is Greece.
– NOTABLE or great horn – Alexander the Great.

8.6-7  The Persian empire was defeated by the Greek armies led by Alexander the Great who was 20 years old when he demolished the armies of the great Persian empire in 331 B.C.E.  Keep in mind, this prophecy that GOD gave daniel took place around 535 B.C.E.  Some 200 years BEFORE Alexander the
Great.

8.8  All this leads up to Hanukkah.
– Greece became a mighty empire.
– The great horn that was broken was Alexander the Great.  He died at 33. In his place or instead of him, the 4 notable or great horns are 4 kingdoms that were ruled by 4 of Alexander’s generals after he died.

– CASSANDER – ruled Macedonia, N.W. Greece, and S. Albania (North of Greece).

– LYSIMACHOS – ruled N.E. Greece and N.E. Turkey

– SELEUCUS – ruled Syria, Babylon, Phonecia (Lebanon), and Israel

– PTOLOMY – ruled Egypt

– TOWARD the 4 winds of Heaven.  Perhaps GOD gave them power to be the most powerful kingdoms on earth.

8.9  This prophecy was written 370 years before Hanukkah, before the lighting of the menorah, and the rededication of The Temple.
– The little horn came out of Seleucus, the king of Syria.  This little horn is not the anti-Christ but he is like the future anti-Christ.  This little horn is Antiochus Epiphanes the madman, who persecuted Israel, despised Torah, and desecrated The Temple.  His evil spirit was and is the same as the future anti-Christ.

– THE PLEASAND LAND is Israel.

8.10  It, Antiochus the tyrant, became great.
– HOST – STEHVAH, also means, a mass of persons and servants.  This host of Heaven is the Jewish people who Antiochus Epiphanes, himself a work of satan, and his armies, stomped upon the Jewish people.  They persecuted and killed the Jews and sold them into slavery.  The Bible teaches that satan is the author of anti-Semitism.

                            REVELATION 12.1-17

BACK TO
DANIEL 8.11  MAGNIFIED – GAHDAHL – proud, honored himself, boasted.  Antiochus called himself
                                                                theos Epiphanes, GOD manifested.

– The Prince of the host is GOD, The Holy One Of Israel.
– The daily sacrifice was taken away, stopped.
– The place of his sanctuary was cast down; I believe Antiochus made his offices in The Temple but ruined and polluted it through his idolatry and pig sacrifices, and pagan worship.  In fact, he dedicated The Temple of GOD in Jerusalem to the Greek gods Olympia and Zeus.  He poisoned it.

The historical source of Hanukkah is found in the book of 1 Macaabees in the Apocrypha.  Apocrypha in Green means “hidden”.  There
are 15 books in the Apocrypha, primarily written by Jewish authors during the 2nd Temple period around 516 B.C.E. to 70 C.E.; A.D. and even past its destruction in 70 A.D.  The question is sometimes asked, why is the Apocrypha not included in T’Nakh?  And the answer is because some of the writings were written in Greek, and some were written too late to be included, and no obvious explanation for the others are known.  Just some information I though I would pass on.

BACK TO
DANIEL 8.12  A host was given him – the host are the Jewish people.  40,000 killed and 40,000 auctioned off into slavery by Antiochus Epiphanes.

– AGAINST the daily sacrifice:  The Syrians were given the charge of the daily sacrifice, using pigs.  Why? Because of the transgression of the Jewish people.
– IT CAST DOWN the truth:  Antiochus abolished Torah just as it is abolished today.  Most people have rejected The Law, just like today.
– IT PRACTICED and prospered:  Antiochus had success in persecuting and killing Jews and abominating The Temple.  GOD’s judgment against His Jewish people was because of their disobedience to Him.

                            1 SAMUEL 12.14-15

    COMMANDMENT  – pee:  GOD’s Mouth, His Commandments, His Law and Word.

satan’s ministry is to teach mankind we don’t have to obey GOD.  He’s succeeding well, and most have fallen for his tricks.

8.13  How long will the Jews be persecuted?

        SAINT – KAHDOSH – holy one, an angel

8.14  For 6 1/2 years
        – Then The Temple will be cleansed, made right when it was cleansed, the holiday of Hanukkah was declared.

8.15-17  The time of the end: the end of Syrian rule and persecution of the Jews in Israel.

8.18-19  THIS INDIGNATION is GOD’s fury and anger, because of Jewish disobedience to Him.

            – GOD appointed the end of this Syrian persecution.  
            – Also GOD’s fury and anger will come at the end of days when He destorys the world.  Why?  Sin.  Because of world disobedience to Torah, world disobedience to the truth of GOD, and including Jewish disobedience.

        ISAIAH 13.11, ISAIAH 24.4-6, ISAIAH 26.21
                            INIQUITY – AWVONE – SIN – 1 John 3.4

BACK TO
DANIEL 8.20-23 (verse 23)  The power of GOD.

VERSE 23 – When the transgressors are come to the full; when Israel’s sin is full and accomplished, and GOD has had enough, He will bring Antiochus the madman onto the scene to persecute His Chosen People because of their continuous sinning against The LORD their GOD, transgressing The Law, because sin is transgression of The Law of Moses, 1John 3.4.

Fierce countenance

    FIERCE – strong, harsh, greedy, rough
    COUNTENANCE – PAHNEEM – AHZ PAHNEEM
                                 his looks, his face, his person were of a fierce countenance.

    DARK SENTENCES – tricks, deceit, dishonesty (satanic)
    STAND UP – appointed by GOD, i.e. Antiochus

8.24  Not by his own power:  Antiochus is a type of the coming anti-Christ, his power is from satan, and all power is from GOD.  You’ll know any anti-Christ.  They reject The Law and teach disobedience to Torah.  He (Antiochus) destroyed the Jewish people.  So will the future anti-Christs.

WONDERFULLY – extraordinarily destructive.

The future anti-Christ – 2 THESSALONIANS 2.8-13

BACK TO
DANIEL 8.25  (ANTIOCHUS)
                      HIS POLICY – his evil wisdom and understanding.
CAUSE CRAFT to prosper – his lies and deceit will succeed.

HIS PEACE – a false peace

He will stand up against the PRINCE OF PRINCES Who is GOD The Messiah.
BROKEN without hand – GOD killed Antiochus by disease, 1 year after Hanukkah.

DANIEL 8.26-27  The vision was from evening to morning.  No one understood the vision.  Today we can understand it because it is history.  The Macaabees, Judah Macaabee and Jonathan, Johanan, Eleazar and Simon formed a guerilla army of fighters and defeated the Syrians.  And the people returned to The Temple, cleansed it and rededicated it to The LORD their GOD, and lit the great menorrah.

This whole tragedy that brought about Hanukkah was because of Israel’s disobedience to GOD and His Law of Moses.  READ MATTHEW 5.1-12

                              
And there’s a lesson to be learned here, even today, for everyone, for Jewish and non-Jewish people especially those who call themselves Believers in Messiah.  And the lesson is this.  Not obeying GOD, that is refusing to obey GOD’s Law of Moses, whether you are Jewish or not Jewish, whether you are a Jewish Believer in Messiah or a non-Jewish Believer in Messiah and by not obeying The Law of Moses, GOD’s Law of Moses, you will certainly bring troubles into your lives.  Sometimes great troubles.  On the contrary, when you obey GOD, that is keeping His Commandments and living your life by His Law of Moses, blessings will run after you, and with your faith in Messiah Yeshua, GOD will bless you and your children and give you eternal life.

Shalom, Ira Weinstein