THE REDEMPTION OF THE FIRSTBORN AND HOW IT APPLIES TO YOU. EXODUS 13.1-16

Shalom.  Our teaching this morning will continue in the Book of Exodus in Chapter 13.  The time is immediately after The LORD GOD brought the children of Israel out of Egypt after 400 years of slavery under the hand of the Egyptians.  The LORD GOD is Yeshua The Messiah.

                            READ EXODUS 13.1-16

I have a title for this teaching.  The redemption of the firstborn, and how it applies to you.

EXODUS 13.1-2  SANCTIFY  in Hebrew is KAH DAHSH - to regard as holy.  Thus the firstborn is holy to The LORD.

Sanctify to The LORD all the firstborn that open the womb among the children of Israel, both man and animal.  All are The LORD's.

Let's look at EXODUS 13.12-15.

EXODUS 13.12  MATRIX  in Hebrew is REH KHEM - is the womb.  The place where the baby is brought into being and formed.

You shall set apart or give to The LORD all that open the womb.  The males shall be The LORD's.

Every firstling:  firstling in Hebrew is PEH TEHR meaning firstborn.  Every firstborn male of man and the domestic animals you own are set apart and given to The LORD.

EXODUS 13.13  Every firstborn ass or donkey you shall redeem with a lamb by sacrificing the lamb in place of the donkey, or breaking the donkey's neck, which is a non-sacrificial method of slaughter.  A donkey could not be sacrificed because it is an unclean animal.  This was done if the donkey was not redeemed with a lamb.

Redeem in Hebrew is PAH DAH meaning to pay a price.  The redemption price for the donkey was a lamb that was sacrificed to The LORD.

Look, I know this sounds terrible, but our Messiah Yeshua experienced a horrible sacrificial death for you and me, and all the world.  That's what it took to be our Sacrifice for the atonement of our sins.  Isaiah 52.14 prophesies, As many were shocked at You, His appearance was so disfigured, more than any man, and His form more than the sons of men.

And back to EXODUS 13.13.  All the firstborn males among your children, you shall redeem.  The redemption was a price in money paid to the priests.  NUMBERS 18.16

NUMBERS 18.16  Five shekels equaled two ounces of silver.

Today there is no Temple or Priesthood, thus the firstborn animals are given to a descendant of the Levitical Priesthood family and left to pasture.  They cannot be used for work.

Judaism has a ceremony called Pidyon Ha Ben, meaning redemption of the son.  The ceremony is on the 31st day after birth, or the next day if that day is a Sabbath or a major Fesitival of The LORD.  The son is redeemed by giving five units of the local currency such as $5.00 to a descendant of the priestly family.  The money is generally returned to the father or donated to charity.

EXODUS 13.14-15  Thus the redemption to The LORD of all the firstborn male children and male animals is because of the powerful strength of The LORD GOD Who brought Israel out from Egypt, the house of bondage.  And, because Pharaoh would not let the children of Israel go, The LORD GOD killed all the firstborn Egyptians, both the firstborn of man and the firstborn of animals.  Therefore the firstborn male animals are sacrificed to The LORD, and GOD redeems all the firstborn males of the children of Israel.  They are His.  And the redemption was a price of money paid to the priest.

Paul has an interesting teaching about the redemption of the firstborn, and how it applies to us, the followers of Messiah Yeshua in Romans 8.29.

ROMANS 8.29  For whom He did foreknow.  Foreknow in Greek is PROG-IN-OCE-KO meaning to know beforehand.  That is before the Creation.

For whom He did foreknow, He also did predestinate.  Predestinate comes from the Greek word
PRO-OR-ID-ZO meaning determined and ordained before.  That is before the Creation of the world.

To be conformed to the image of His Son.  Conformed comes from the Greek word SOOM-MOR-FOS which means to be similar and fashioned like, (like Yeshua).

To be conformed to the image of His Son.  Image comes from the Greek word IKONE meaning likeness.  GOD has conformed us into the likeness of Yeshua.  That likeness is to be like Yeshua, obeying every word GOD spoke.  Luke 4.4.

Messiah is the firstborn among many brethren.  That is how redemption of the firstborn applies to Believers in Messiah.  According to Exodus 13.2, the firstborn are sanctified, the firstborn are holy, and the firstborn belong to The LORD.  Thus we are GOD's firstborn in Messiah, sanctified, holy, and we belong to The LORD our GOD. 

BORN AGAIN BELIEVERS ARE GOD'S FIRSTBORN, REDEEMED BY THE LORD.  THE REDEMTION PRICE WAS MESSIAH'S SACRIFICIAL DEATH.

Thus Paul's teaching is this.  Those who are in the likeness of Yeshua The Messiah, obeying GOD, His every Word, GOD has foreknown and predestinated you to be like Yeshua, to be the firstborn with many brethren, to be sanctified, holy, and you belong to The LORD your GOD.  The redemption price was Messiah's excruciating death and His shed blood, for it is the blood that makes atonement for the soul, Leviticus 17.11.

The New Testament is part of the entire Bible, and part of The Law of Moses.  Read and study Hebrews 8.6 for your own understanding.  The New Testament is made into law as part of The Law of Moses.

BACK TO
EXODUS 13.3  The Exodus is a day of great importance in Judaism.  It is the day when the Jewish people, the children of Israel came out from Egypt, out of the house of bondage by the mighty Hand of GOD.  Thus Moses said to the people, remember this day.

The LORD GOD is Yeshua The Messiah Who set His people free, Who brought the people out of the house of bondage.  Thus Moses said, there shall be no leavened bread eaten.

The first words of the 10 commandments are, I AM The LORD your GOD Who has brought you out of the land of Egypt.  You shall have no other gods before Me.  EXODUS 20.1-3

VERSE 3  You shall not recognize the gods of others in My Presence.  And GOD is present everywhere, all the time at the same time.

Also, The New Testament uses the exodus from Egypt to illustrate some very important teachings.

MATTHEW 2.13-15  Both Messiah Yeshua and the Jewish people are GOD's firstborn sons whom He called out of Egypt.  The great difference of course between GOD's firstborn Son Yeshua and the Jewish people is that Yeshua is The Son of GOD.  He is also The Mighty GOD and The Everlasting Father Who on earth was also a man, Isaiah 9.6(5).

As GOD's firstborn son, the Jewish people also have a high standing with The LORD.  They are a holy people unto The LORD their GOD, chosen by GOD to be a special people to Himself, to be His witnesses and His servant.  To know and believe GOD, and understand that GOD is The LORD.  Before Him, there was no GOD formed, and neither shall there be after Him, that GOD is The One GOD.  There are no others.  And beside The LORD, there is no Saviour.  And Yeshua The Messiah is The Saviour.  Yeshua The Messiah is The LORD GOD.  He is The LORD, our Holy One, The Creator of Israel, our King.  He is The One GOD of Creation.
        EXODUS 4.22-23, HOSEA 11.1

Paul preached about the exodus in a synagogue on the Sabbath, on a Saturday.  ACTS 13.17-23.

VERSE 18  He endured their bad habits.  Many received in Egypt.

VERSE 22  David, a man after My own Heart who will do all My Will.  He will do all that I speak, and he will do all My Law, GOD said.

VERSE 23  Yeshua The Messiah is The Saviour of Israel and all the world.  He is GOD Almighty, our Holy One, The Creator of Israel, our King, The One and only GOD.  Isaiah 43.15

The Book of Hebrews teaches of the disobedience of the children of Israel to The LORD their GOD while in the wilderness after leaving Egypt, and the dire consequences that result from disobeying GOD. 
HEBREWS 3.15-19

VERSE 15  It is said today, if you hear GOD's Voice, do not harden your hearts as in the provocation.

Hearing GOD's Voice is obeying every Word He speaks.  Don't harden your hearts; don't be stubborn, refusing to obey GOD, refusing His Law of Moses.  Many in the wilderness, after leaving Egypt, refused to obey GOD's Laws,  just as the world today refuses to obey GOD's Laws.  And the children of Israel paid the price.  That is a lesson for everybody.

The provocation is the time in the wilderness when the people provoked GOD to anger because they continuously disobeyed GOD.  The world disobeys GOD.  Look at world events today.

VERSE 16  Some provoked GOD to anger by disobeying Him.  But not all who came out of Egypt disobeyed GOD.  There is always a remnant who obey The LORD.

VERSE 17  Sin is breaking GOD's Law, 1 John 3.4.  Thus GOD is grieved, He is insulted, angry, and displeased.  And those who sinned against Him, their carcasses fell in the wilderness.  Hard teaching, but The Word of GOD.

VERSE 18  Those who do not believe, do not enter into GOD's rest.  GOD's rest is eternal life in the Millennium, and in Heaven.  And not believing is not obeying GOD.  Let's look at Verse 19.

VERSE 19  So we see, The Word says, that they could not enter into GOD's rest because of unbelief.  Unbelief comes from the Greek word APISTIA which means disobedience.  Unbelief means disobedience to GOD.

Yes, our sins are forgiven by Messiah, but GOD always requires us to obey Him.  That never changes.  We are to obey His Voice to enter His rest.  His Voice is every Word He speaks, His Commandments, and His Law of Moses.  That is not a Jewish thing.  GOD's Words and Laws are for all His Creation no matter what your cultural or ethnic background may be.  That is GOD's way to enter His rest.

BACK TO
EXODUS 13.4  Abib was the name of the first month on the Jewish calendar, and it was the Passover month.  However when the Jewish people returned from the 70 year Babylonian exile in 516 B.C.E./ B.C., they apparently renamed Abib the month of Nisan.  NEHEMIAH 2.1

EXODUS 13.5  The land of the Canaanites, the Hittites, the Amorites, the Hivites, and the Jebusites are the countries GOD renamed Israel after the children of Israel conquered those lands, and possessed them as their everlasting inheritance from GOD.  And The LORD GOD is Yeshua The Messiah.

EXODUS 13.6-7  The seventh day shall be a Feast to The LORD.  The seventh day of Passover is a Sabbath of rest and we should hold a worship service on that Day.  No work is to be done no matter what day it falls on.

And Passover is the time of matzah, unleavened bread.  No leavened bread is to be seen with you, or in your houses during the seven days of Passover.

EXODUS 13.8  Your son in Hebrew LEH VEEN KHAH meaning your son, or daughter or your children.  Tell your children the Passover is observed every year because The LORD delivered us from 400 years of Egyptian bondage, and made Israel a nation.

EXODUS 13.9-10  These passages and others, according to Judaism, are a decree to wear tefillin, or as called outside of Judaism, phylacteries.  Tefillin are two specially made cubical black leather boxes traditionally worn by adult males during the weekly morning Service.  The boxes are bound by black leather straps to the left hand and arm, or to the right hand for a person who is left handed, and to the head.  And the boxes contain four Scriptural passages.  As The LORD says in Verse 9, That The LORD's Law may be in your mouth.  The four passages of Scripture are Exodus 13.1-10 (our study this morning), Exodus 13.11-16, Deuteronomy 6.4-9, and Deuteronomy 11.13-21.

All these passages speak of obeying GOD and His Law of Moses, teaching us there is only one GOD, and it is the mighty Hand of GOD Who brought us out of Egypt.  Let's look at some of those Verses before we close.

EXODUS 13.9, EXODUS 13.16  frontlets in Hebrew is TOE TAH FOTE - meaning, to go around or bind the forehead.

            DEUTERONOMY 6.4-9, DEUTERONOMY 11.13-21

Let me say this in conclusion.  The Bible from Genesis through Revelation is the entire Word of GOD that The LORD has revealed to mankind which is His Law.  Deuteronomy 29.29.  To it should all seek after, follow, and cleave to.  GOD's instructions can be summed up in a few words.  Listen to GOD, and obey every Word He speaks, His Commandments, and His Law of Moses.  They are for all His Creation, the entire world.

And there is only One GOD, and One Law of GOD.  And there is only One Saviour, Who has Salvation and He is Yeshua The Messiah, the One GOD of Creation, your Holy One, The Creator of Israel your King.  Yeshua is GOD, and there are no others.

And when you follow GOD's instructions, you are His firstborn in Messiah, redeemed, sanctified, and holy.  You belong to GOD, and you enter His rest. 

Shalom,  Ira Weinstein
 

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