Shalom. Our study this morning will be from Exodus 20.1-11, the beginning of The Ten Commandments.
READ EXODUS 20.1-11
EXODUS 20.1-2 This is the first commandment of the ten. “I AM The LORD your GOD Who has brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage.”
The Exodus out of Egypt marked the birth of Israel as a nation with The LORD GOD Almighty her King and Ruler. GOD gave the children of Israel His first Laws and Commandments in the form of The Ten Commandments at Mt. Sinai. And all GOD’s laws, GOD gave to Israel during their forty year journey to The Promised Land, the land of Canaan. All GOD’s Laws are written in The Law of Moses.
Israel was a theocracy ruled by The LORD GOD of Creation until the people asked Samuel some 320 years after the Exodus to appoint us a king to judge us like all the nations. And by so doing, GOD told Samuel, “The people have rejected Me, The LORD their GOD from reigning over them.”. And The LORD appointed Saul to be king over Israel for 40 years. 1 Samuel 8.5-7, Followed by David, Solomon and the future kings.
The Exodus out of Egypt was an act of GOD’s grace, and not a reward for Israel’s righteousness. It was the fulfillment of GOD’s promise to Abraham some 721 years before the Exodus. GOD had promised Abraham that He would make of Him a great nation. That nation is Israel. That his descendants, the children of Israel will be strangers in a land not theirs. That land of course was Egypt. And the children of Israel would serve them, and they would be afflicted 400 years. And the nation whom they will serve, GOD said, I will judge. And they will come out with great wealth. And afterward they will take possession of the land of Canaan that GOD gave to Israel for an everlasting possession. And GOD renamed that land Eretz Y’Israel, The Land of Israel after Abraham’s grandson Jacob, the father of the 12 tribes of Israel.
Genesis 12.2, Genesis 15.13-16, Genesis 17.8
Israel owes its very existence to GOD. First, The LORD called Abraham out of the Gentiles to make of him a great nation. That nation is Israel. Then GOD called out Israel to be a holy people to The LORD their GOD, to be His witnesses, and His servant whom He has chosen, and to be a blessing to the nations.
Genesis 12.1-3, Deuteronomy 7.6, Isaiah 43.10
The great deliverance of the children of Israel out of Egypt came by GOD’s supernatural power. With a mighty hand, and with an outstretched arm, GOD appointed the children of Israel, the Jewish people to be a blessing to the world. How? Messiah came from the Jewish people in the flesh to make His soul an atonement for the sins of all mankind, and GOD’s Salvation for everlasting life.
GOD’s great deliverance of the children of Israel out of Egypt was also for the purpose of appointing the Jewish people to be His witnesses to the world, for all mankind to know Who GOD is, and for them to know and understand that there is only one GOD.
And GOD’s great deliverance of the children of Israel out of Egypt was also for GOD’s purpose to serve Him, to live according to GOD’s Covenant, His Word, His Law, and His Commandments. And as GOD’s witnesses, Israel is a light to the Gentiles, revealing to the nations GOD’s Words, and Laws, and Doctrine. And we have accomplished that by writing the entire Bible, revealing all that GOD would have us to know about Him. But everyone should do all the Words of His Law, GOD’s Law of Moses. As Yeshua The Messiah said in Matthew 4.4, “Man shall live by every Word that proceeds out of the Mouth of GOD”.
Deuteronomy 32.1-2, Deuteronomy 29.29, Isaiah 49.1-6
And in time, man will live by every Word of GOD. When The LORD GOD Almighty, Yeshua The Messiah returns at the end of this world age, and destroys all the enemies of the Jews, and sets up His Messianic Kingdom in Israel, the 1,000 year Millennium, whose original borders will again extend to the Euphrates River to include most of Syria and Iraq, and Jordan, and all Lebanon, and all Israel. And the end of Gentile rule in the earth will be fulfilled when The Messiah Yeshua, The Holy One of Israel returns, and The LORD will be King over all the earth. Yeshua is The LORD our GOD Who has brought the children of Israel out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage.
Luke 21.24, Zechariah 14, Isaiah 9.5-6(6-7), Exodus 20.2
EXODUS 20.3 You shall have no other gods before Me, is part of the first commandment.
Webster’s Collegiate Dictionary defines the word Contradiction as a statement that implies both the truth, and something false. A statement that implies both the truth and a lie. The trinity is a contradiction. The trinity defines the One GOD in three distinct persons. The truth is One GOD. The lie is one god in three DISTINCT, and DIFFERENT persons. The truth is One GOD. The lie is the One GOD is THREE DIFFERENT gods. The lie is that The Father, The Son Jesus Christ, and The Holy Spirit are three different gods. That is false, and a contradiction.
There is only one GOD. He is The Father, The Messiah Yeshua, and The Holy Spirit. These three are the ONE GOD of Creation. These three are ONE and THE SAME. The First Commandment is, “You shall have no other gods before Me”. The trinity places three gods before GOD.
EXODUS 20.4-5 This is the second Commandment, the law against idolatry. Paul writes in 1 Corinthians 10.14, flee from idolatry. And John writes in 1 John 5.21, keep yourselves from idols.
VERSE 5 Those who hate GOD, show it by disobeying GOD. Paul writes, they are at enmity which is hatred against GOD because they are not subject to The Law of GOD, neither indeed can be. ROMANS 8.6-7
The carnal mind is a person without the Holy Spirit. And The Holy Spirit is given to those who obey The Law of GOD, which is The Law of Moses. Acts 5.32.
The spiritually minded person has The Holy Spirit living in him or her because they believe in Messiah Yeshua, and are subject to GOD’s Law which is The Law of Moses. For to be carnally minded is death, Paul writes, but to be spiritually minded (having The Holy Spirit) is life and peace.
EXODUS 20.6 GOD also says in the Second Commandment that He shows mercy to thousands of them that love Him, and keep My Commandments. Unfortunately, very few love GOD and keep His Commandments. Yeshua The Messiah is GOD Almighty, The Creator of Heaven and earth. And Messiah says, “If you love Me, keep My Commandments”. That is obey My Law of Moses. John 14.15, 1 John 2.4-6
EXODUS 20.7 This is the Third Commandment, The Law against taking The LORD’s Name in vain.
The word vain in Hebrew is SHAV meaning evil, wickedness, lies and useless.
Thus you shall not use The LORD’s Name when speaking evil, wickedness, lies, or in useless speech. And The LORD has many Names.
Just as it is sin to disrespect GOD, and show hatred for Him by making an idol, or possessing an idol, it is also sin to disgrace The LORD by using His Name in vain for no valid purpose, or by usi
ng His Name falsely, or in speaking evil, or in lying, or in useless and empty speech.
For The LORD will not hold him guiltless that takes His Name in vain. Guiltless in Hebrew is NAHKAH meaning GOD will not leave that person unpunished.
In Judaism, to avoid taking The Name of The LORD in vain, the custom developed in pronouncing The LORD’s Name Yehovah as Adonai, or Ha Shem, meaning The Name. And names similar in sound but different in words such as Adoshem is used rather than Ha Shem, and Eloqim rather than Elohim. Thus avoiding taking The LORD’s Name in vain. LEVITICUS 19.12, PSALM 139.20, JAMES 5.12
EXODUS 20.8-11 The Fourth Commandment is The Sabbath. The weekly Sabbath is on the seventh and last day of the week, Saturday. The Sabbath is not Sunday or any day one chooses. GOD’s weekly Sabbath is Saturday, forever and ever.
VERSE 11 GOD blessed The Sabbath Day, and hallowed it. Hallowed in Hebrew is KAHDAHSH – meaning GOD set The Sabbath apart to be holy and sacred, devoted to Him.
GOD charges us to keep The Sabbath Day holy. Six days we are to labor and do all our work, but the seventh day Saturday is a Sabbath of The LORD your GOD. In it, you shall not do any work, you nor your son, nor your daughter, your servants or your animals, if you have any, and anyone in your employ, even if they are not Jewish. For in six days The LORD made Heaven and earth, the sea, and all that is in them, and rested on the seventh day. Therefore The LORD blessed The Sabbath Day, and hallowed it.
Also the Saturday Sabbath on the seventh day of the week serves as a constant reminder that GOD alone is The Creator, Who created in six days and rested on the seventh. It is said, that The Sabbath observance bears testimony to GOD’s Creation in six days, and He rested on the seventh day. GENESIS 2.1-3, ISAIAH 56.6-8
(Isaiah 56.6-8) Also the children of the stranger, the non-Jewish people, that join themselves to The LORD to serve Him, and to love The Name of The LORD, to be His servants, everyone that keeps The Sabbath on Saturday from polluting it, and defiling it, and take hold of My Covenant, GOD’s Word, and Law of Moses (Psalm 105.8-10), even them will I bring to My holy mountain in Jerusalem, in the 1,000 year Millennium, and forever in Heaven. And make them joyful in My House of Prayer. Their burnt offerings and sacrifices, that is Messiah Yeshua, shall be accepted upon My altar. For My House shall be called a House of Prayer for all people.
More on The Sabbath. Yeshua teaches, it is lawful to do well on the Sabbath days.
MATTHEW 12.12 It is lawful to do well on the Sabbath days. And having The Holy Spirit because you obey GOD, you will know what is lawful to do well on the Sabbath days. For example, during sickness, or danger, or emergencies, etc.
MARK 2.27-27 VERSE 27 The Sabbath was made for man to rest from his labor and work. Man was not made for The Sabbath, but GOD made The Sabbath for man to rest and devote the day to The LORD.
VERSE 28 Therefore the Son of Man is LORD also of The Sabbath. Yeshua, Who is The LORD of The Sabbath, and The GOD of Creation, teaches mankind, His Creation what man can or cannot do on The Sabbath from His Law of Moses.
ACTS 13.14 The Sabbath Day before Yeshua’s birth, and after His death was Saturday, and it will always be on the seventh day Saturday, forever.
ACTS 15.21 non-Jewish Believers in The Messiah should go to the synagogue on The Sabbath Day, Saturday where The Law of Moses is taught. They should learn it, obey it, and do it.
COLOSSIANS 2.16-17 Let no one judge you, or condemn you because you are obeying GOD and living by GOD’s Law of Moses, along with your belief in Messiah. You are now observing GOD’s food Laws in Leviticus 11, and Deuteronomy 14. And His Holy Days and Sabbath Days in Leviticus 23, and all GOD’s Laws. Don’t let anyone criticize you for doing what GOD commands you to do. Now you are being righteous and law-abiding. That is the formula for eternal life.
The new moon, or the new month was celebrated as a festival for sacrificial offerings. But without a Temple and sacrifice today, the new moon festival has ended, but will be continued in The Millennium. NUMBERS 28.11, EZEKIEL 46.1-3
The prince is David. Messiah is The LORD GOD. EZEKIEL 34.23-25
COLOSSIANS 2.17 The shadow is from the body of Messiah Yeshua. And perhaps, the shadow of Messiah is a hint of great things to come at His return. And the focus is on Messiah concerning the Festivals of GOD in Leviticus 23.
The Sabbath, the seventh day of rest is perhaps seen in its fullness of the 1,000 year Millennium of peace and rest when Messiah is King over all the earth. Leviticus 23.3, Zechariah 14.9.
The Passover was The Festival Messiah was killed, the sacrificial atonement for mankind, buried and resurrected. Leviticus 23.5-14
Pentecost or Shavuot was the Festival 50 days after Messiah’s death when some 3,000 Jews were saved.
The Feast of Trumpets, The Jewish New Year Rosh Ha Shannah focuses on Messiah. At some future Rosh Ha Shannah, Messiah will return. The Resurrection will take place, those alive in Messiah will also rise to meet Him in the air. And Messiah will destroy all the enemies of the Jews and Israel. The times of the Gentiles will end, and we will return with Messiah to establish The Messianic Kingdom, the 1,000 year Millennium, and He will be King over all the earth, and we will be with GOD Almighty The Messiah Face to face forever. Leviticus 23.24.
The Day of Atonement, Yom Kippur, ten days after Messiah returns, many unsaved Jewish people will be forgiven their sins by Messiah and saved, along with many Gentiles who blessed Jewish people.
Leviticus 23.25, Genesis 12.3, Matthew 25.31-46.
Tabernacles, Sukkot, five days after the Day of Atonement, we will reign as kings with our GOD and Father, Yeshua The Messiah for 1,000 years and forever. And Tabernacles might be the day of The Marriage Supper of The Lamb.
Leviticus 23.34, Revelation 20.6, Revelation 19.9
The eighth day of Tabernacles. GOD will be with us in Heaven forever, and we with Him. And GOD will wipe away all tears from our eyes, and there will be no more death, neither sorrow, nor crying, neither will there be any more pain, for those things will have passed away.
Leviticus 23.36, Revelation 21.4-5.
So in conclusion. GOD did not give us His Laws and Commandments in vain, nor did Messiah give His Life, and rose on the third day for no purpose. As GOD said in Isaiah 56.6 and 7, Those who keep the Sabbath from polluting it, and take hold of My Covenant, even them will I bring to My holy mountain, and your sacrifice will be accepted on My altar.
Shalom, Ira Weinstein
GOD, ISRAEL, AND THE NATIONS