Shalom and Happy Shavuot. Our teaching this morning will be from Acts 2.1-13.
READ ACTS 2.1-13
The Festival of Pentecost is also called in Hebrew, Shavuot meaning “weeks” or the “Feast of Weeks”. It’s called The Feast of Weeks because it occurs seven full weeks after the “morrow”, or the next day after the Sabbath. Also the name Pentecost in Greek meaning fiftieth, that is the fiftieth day after Passover. These seven weeks begin from the second day of Passover, and adding the fiftieth day results in the Festival of Weeks, or Pentecost. It always falls on the sixth day of the Hebrew month Sivan which is today.
Judaism celebrates Shavuot or Pentecost as the conclusion of the grain harvest, and also the day The LORD gave the ten commandments to the children of Israel at Mt. Sinai.
Shavuot or Pentecost comes fifty days after the first day of Passover. The LORD said, And you shall count from the morrow, or the next day after the Sabbath FROM THE DAY THAT YOU BROUGHT THE SHEAF OF THE WAVE OFFERING seven Sabbaths shall be completed. Israel brought the sheaf of the wave offering the day after the first day of Passover. Thus the count of the fifty days starts on the day after Passover.
LEVITICUS 23.10-11, LEVITICUS 23.15-16
Now that we’ve solved that problem, let’s move on to Acts Chapter two when the twelve Jewish disciples of Messiah Yeshua observed Pentecost by holding a Service in Jerusalem, and some 3,000 Jews were saved.
ACTS 2.1 “When the Day of Pentecost was fully come,” meaning, when the Day of Pentecost had arrived. They were all in one accord in one place. They being the twelve Jewish Disciples of Messiah Yeshua who were at the Pentecost Service. They were all in one accord, or of one mind and understanding in their belief in Messiah Yeshua. They believed Messiah Yeshua was Ha Shem, The Messiah, GOD Almighty The Creator of Heaven and earth, and that Torah, The Law of Moses must be honored, observed, followed, and obeyed. They were all with one accord.
ACTS 2.2 Suddenly there came a sound, a very loud sound from Heaven. A great sound as of a rushing, mighty wind from Heaven, and it filled the house where they were sitting.
ACTS 2.3 Appeared means the Disciples gazed at those cloven tongues that were like fire, with wide open eyes. The cloven tongues that appeared to them were literal and actual tongues. The tongues were cloven as our tongues with a hint of a line in the middle of our tongue. Just as the Babylonians in the time of Daniel saw a man’s hand write on a wall, Daniel 5.5, the twelve disciples saw cloven tongues like as of fire, but not on fire. And the tongues sat on or rested on each of Messiah’s Disciples.
ACTS 2.4 Tongues in Greek is glossa meaning a language, a language that is not acquired naturally.
And they, the twelve disciples, were all filled with The Holy Spirit. The disciples had received The Holy Spirit earlier from Yeshua after His death, burial, and resurrection. JOHN 20.19-22
Thus the disciples were filled with The Holy Spirit. And the tongues were symbolic of the power that GOD gave them to speak the Word of GOD in other languages articulately and perfectly.
I believe that the cloven tongues that looked as though they were on fire but were not, had an important meaning. Fire purges and refines, and the disciples would speak the Word of GOD to thousands of unsaved Jewish People in their own languages. And GOD’S Word would be like fire that purges and cleanses of sin.
MALACHI 3.2-3 The offering to The LORD in righteousness is doing what is right in the sight of GOD. That is obeying His Torah, The Law of Moses.
Messiah Yeshua, GOD Almighty is like a refiner’s fire, and like fuller’s soap that washes and cleanses us of our sins so that we will offer to The LORD an offering in righteousness by obeying GOD and His Law of Moses, The Torah. Sin is breaking The Law of Moses, 1 John 3.4. Thus the tongues that appeared like fire were symbolic of The Word of GOD the disciples would speak to the thousands of Jewish visitors. The Word would be like a refiner’s fire and like fuller’s soap. And the unsaved Jewish people would receive GOD’s Word and say to the disciples, What shall we do? (Verse 37).
Thus the disciples were all filled with The Holy Spirit and began to speak with other tongues. That is other languages as The Spirit of GOD gave them perfect and articulate speech in another language other than Hebrew.
Let’s spend a moment on The Holy Spirit. The Holy Spirit is GOD. The Holy Spirit is NOT the third person in the trinity as some teach, or related to Christ. The Holy Spirit like the Father and Messiah Yeshua is GOD Almighty, Ha Shem, The Creator of Heaven and earth. There is only one GOD, and The Holy Spirit is that ONE GOD. The Father, The Son, The Messiah and The Holy Spirit are the ONE GOD. They are the same without distinction or difference.
ACTS 2.5 Staying in Jerusalem during Pentecost were Jews who were devout and religious men and women, from every nation under Heaven, who had a reverence for GOD.
ACTS 2.6 When the religious Jewish people heard that great, mighty and loud sound from Heaven as of a rushing mighty wind, they came to the place where the disciples were, and they were amazed to hear them speaking in their own languages.
ACTS 2.7 How can this be, the religious Jews said? They are Galilleans from Northern Israel.
ACTS 2.8 And the religious Jews from the other countries heard the disciples of Messiah speaking in their own language where they were born; perfectly and fluently.
ACTS 2.9-11 The Parthians were Iranian Jews.
The Medes were Iranian Jews.
The Elamites were Iranian Jews.
The Mesopotamians were Jews from Iraq and Syria.
The Judeans were Jews from Judea in Israel.
The Cappadocians were Jews from Turkey.
The Jews from Pontus were from Northern Turkey.
The Jews from Asia were from Turkey and Greece.
The Jews from Phrygia were from Turkey.
The Jews from Pamphylia were also from Turkey.
The Jews from Egypt were from Egypt.
The Jews from Libya about Cyrene were from Libya and North Africa.
Strangers of Rome, Jews and proselytes were Gentiles who converted to Judaism, and Jews from Rome.
Jews from the Greek Island of Crete.
And Arabian Jews were Jews from Saudi Arabia.
All Jewish, all religious and devout, and they heard the disciples speak The Word of GOD in their own languages the wonderful works of GOD. The wonderful works of GOD are more than can be numbered. As The Song of Moses reads, Great and marvelous are Your works LORD GOD Almighty. Just and true are Your ways Thou King of the Saints, the most Holy Ones of GOD.
ACTS 2.12-13 And the religious Jews were all amazed, and in doubt. What does this mean, they said to each other? Some mocked them and said they were drunk. So Peter, who is Jewish, whose Hebrew name is Shimone, stood and answered them.
ACTS 2.14-17 VERSE 17 The last days are from the days of Yeshua. The final days before He returns.
It’s happening now, Peter
said. GOD is pouring out His Holy Spirit on all flesh. All means as many as are His. And GOD is pouring out His Holy Spirit today on all who are His.
ACTS 2.18-21 Peter said, Whosoever shall call on The Name of The LORD shall be saved. But then a remarkable phenomenon occurs. In Judaism, there are certain individuals who do their best to pull Messiah Yeshua out of Jewish hearts causing some to fall away. And there are Christians who do their very best to pull The Law of Moses out of Christian hearts, the very Law that GOD put into their hearts when they were saved, (Jeremiah 31.31-34), causing many to fall away. Thus the fulfillment of Messiah’s parable of the sower, and because strait is the gate, and narrow is the way which leads to Life, and few there be that find it. But those who are His, GOD keeps, and saves. Proof of being saved is belief in Messiah Yeshua and obedience to The Law of Moses.
ACTS 2.22-23 Messiah’s crucifixion, His death, burial and resurrection, Peter said, was by the determinate counsel and foreknowledge of GOD. That is, the crucifixion of Messiah, His death, burial and resurrection was GOD’s will. GOD determined before the Creation that Messiah Yeshua, by His death, would be the atonement for all who call on His Name, and GOD saves.
ACTS 2.24-31 All Peter’s teaching was read and taught from TNakh, The Old Testament. There was no New Testament at that time. And even if there were the New Testament in Peter’s day, The New Testament never disagrees with The Old Testament. Fact is, The New Testament is part of The Law of Moses. Hebrews 8.6.
ACTS 2.32-37 VERSE 37 What shall we do?
ACTS 2.38 Here is Peter’s answer. Repent and be baptized, every one of you in The Name of Yeshua The Messiah for the forgiveness of sins, and you will receive the gift of The Holy Spirit.
REPENT – the only way to repent is to turn to GOD and obey His Statutes, His Law of Moses. There is no other way to repent. EZEKIEL 18.21-23
BE BAPTIZED in The Name of Yeshua The Messiah.
ROMANS 6.1-2 Shall we continue in sin, Paul writes? Sin is breaking The Law of Moses, 1 John 3.4. GOD forbid, NO, Paul answers.
Being dead to sin is no longer living in sin, no longer breaking GOD’s Law of Moses.
ROMANS 6.3-4 Walking in newness of Life is belief in Messiah Yeshua, and living a New Life obedient to Torah, GOD’s Law of Moses. That is walking in Newness of Life.
ROMANS 6.5 The likeness of His resurrection is being like Messiah. Messiah always obeyed Torah, The Law of Moses, and still does. And so should all Believers in Messiah.
ROMANS 6.6 We should no longer serve sin. And that is accomplished ONLY by obeying Torah, The Law of Moses, and doing what GOD says in it.
That is what being baptized in The Name of Yeshua The Messiah means, believing in Yeshua The Messiah, and walking in the newness of Life, obeying Torah, The Law of Moses, and doing it.
THEN, THEN you will receive the gift of The Holy Spirit.
ACTS 2.39-41 And some 3,000 Jews were saved. So here in Acts Chapter 2, Peter explains how to receive Salvation. Believe in Yeshua The Messiah. Repent. That is, turn to GOD and obey Him, His Torah, His Law of Moses, and do them. And be baptized in The Name of Yeshua The Messiah. And be like Messiah, obedient to GOD, obedient to His Law of Moses. And then you will receive the gift of The Holy Spirit.
ACTS 2.42 The apostle’s doctrine is found in The TNakh, The Old Testament. They never changed a word of it, not even a yud or a tittle. They did not change a thing. GOD’s Law of Moses stands forever and ever.
ACTS 2.43-47 VERSE 47 A much, much better word for church, especially in this teaching, would be Messianic Community.
So, that was quite a Shavuot Service, and a powerful message from Shimone, or if you like, Peter. And with the supernatural help of GOD Almighty, Yeshua The Messiah. And some 3,000 Jews were saved. And the numbers keep growing.
Shalom, Ira Weinstein
Shalom and Happy Shavuot. Our teaching this morning will be from Acts 2.1-13.