Beth Elohenu Messianic Congregation
P.O. Box 335761
N. Las Vegas, NV. 89033
Shalom. This morning we will continue our teaching from Torah, The Law of Moses from Leviticus 27.1-8. And the Title of our message is GOD’S LAWS FOR TITHING IN TABERNACLE AND TEMPLE TIMES.
And with that said, let’s read Leviticus 27.1-8, but the study will cover the entire chapter.
GOD’S Laws in this chapter explain how monetary and other tithes were made to the Sanctuary. That is for the Tabernacle in the wilderness, and the First and Second Temples in Jerusalem. How the value of their tithes were determined, or whether or not a specific tithe that was dedicated to The LORD such as an individual’s house, or field, or animal could be redeemed or bought back.
And the individual tithes were the most important source of income for the Temple. And each individual who tithed to The LORD’S Sanctuary had a sense of personal involvement in the work that was performed by the Priests in serving The LORD.
LEVITICUS 27.1 As you well know, the Torah which is GOD’S Teachings, Laws and Instructions known as The Law of Moses, and written in the first five books of The Bible was given directly to Moses by GOD Face to face. Most often in the Holy of Holies in the Tabernacle Sanctuary in the wilderness.
GOD Almighty, Ha Shem is Yeshua The Messiah. Exodus 25.21-22, Isaiah 9.5, Christian Bible Isaiah 9.6
And GOD has only One Law for all mankind. That Law is The Torah, The Law of Moses where all GOD’S Laws are written. None of these Laws are man’s laws. GOD says in Exodus 12.49, There shall be one Law for the Jewish Person and the non-Jewish Person who dwells among you.
The cornerstone of the New Testament is Torah, GOD’S Law of Moses, and The Messiah Yeshua Who is our Atonement.
All the nations, all the countries other than Israel are defined by GOD in Hebrew as Goyim, meaning nations, gentiles, and heathen. Heathen because the nations other than Israel do not live their lives according to GOD’S Torah, His Law of Moses. And like the United States of America, all countries other than Israel reject, and are often taught to reject GOD’S Torah, His Law of Moses. That is heathenism. And the word pagan is associated with heathenism because paganism is the belief in many different gods. And many, not all in this country believe in the trinity, the teaching of three different gods.
Mysteriously, the New Testament translation from Hebrew to Greek, and read throughout the world in their own languages, was translated by the ancient Greeks who were pagans believing in many gods, who had very little or no understanding of The One True GOD, The GOD of Israel Who is Yeshua The Messiah, Ha Shem.
On the other hand, Israel, the Jewish People are defined by GOD as a Holy People, a separate people, set apart for GOD, separated by GOD from other peoples, People who dwell alone, who belong to GOD, and a People saved by GOD.
But the merciful GOD has a formula for the Gentile to join in with His Jewish People to receive all GOD’S Blessings and Eternal Life. The Gentile must turn from their false doctrine they have been taught over the ages and turn to GOD, have their sins atoned for through Ha Shem Yeshua The Messiah, and live their lives according to GOD’S Torah, His Law of Moses written in Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy.
Or another formula for the Gentile is to bless the Jewish People and Israel and GOD will see you as righteous and you will enter Eternal Life. EXODUS 33.16, LEVITICUS 20.26, NUMBERS 23.5, 9, DEUTERONOMY 33.27-29, JOSHUA 23.6-7, PSALM 119.115, ROMANS 15.10, MATTHEW 25.46, JOHN 4.22
(Joshua 23.7) Christian doctrine of the trinity is belief that Jesus Christ is another god. Not The Father.
(Romans 15.10) His People, or GOD’S people are the Jewish People.
(John 4.22) Messiah teaches that Salvation is from the Jews.
LEVITICUS 27.2 When a person makes a singular vow, that is when a person vows to dedicate something to The LORD such as himself or herself, the person is valued in terms of money by the Priest for their monetary tithe to the Sanctuary.
LEVITICUS 27.3-4 GOD’S monetary value in terms of a tithe for a male from twenty years old to sixty years old was fifty shekels of silver after the shekel of the sanctuary. And for a female from twenty to sixty years old was thirty shekels.
When you vow a vow to The LORD, do not break your word. NUMBERS 30.2, DEUTERONOMY 23.21, JOB 22.27, ECCLESIASTES 5.4
LEVITICUS 27.5 If the person was from five years old to twenty years old, the value for the male was twenty shekels, and for a female ten shekels.
LEVITICUS 27.6 And for a child from a month old to five years old, the monetary value for the tithe was five shekels of silver for a male, and three shekels for a female.
LEVITICUS 27.7 And if the person was sixty years old and older, the monetary value for a male was fifteen shekels, and for a female, ten shekels.
LEVITICUS 27.8 If the person was poorer than the assessed value he or she could tithe, the individual presented himself or herself before the Priest, and the Priest assessed the person according to their ability to tithe.
LEVITICUS 27.9-10 If an animal was brought that could be sacrificed on the altar to The LORD, that animal was Holy and dedicated or tithed to The LORD. The tither was not to change the animal, good for bad, or bad for good. But if he did change animal for animal, then both animals were Holy to The LORD, and both were dedicated and tithed to the Sanctuary.
LEVITICUS 27.11-13 If a person tithed an unclean animal such as a mule or camel, the animal was sold by the Priest, and the money was tithed to the Temple. The animals had their value set by the Priest, good or bad. But if the owner chose to redeem the animal, that is buy it back, he paid the full value of the animal that was set by the priest plus twenty percent. That was his or her tithe to the Sanctuary.
LEVITICUS 27.14-15 If one chose to dedicate their house to The LORD as their tithe, the Priest placed a value on the house and sold it. The money going to the Sanctuary as their tithe. However if the tither’s intention was to make a monetary contribution to the Sanctuary, and not the house, and he bought the house back from the Priest, the tither would pay as his tithe the full value of the house set by the Priest, plus another twenty percent.
LEVITICUS 27.16 If a person dedicated some part of his field to The LORD as a tithe, then the Priest set the value according to the field’s crop production. And the calculation for the field was made for the tithe.
LEVITICUS 27.17 The tither dedicating his field for a tithe according to the coming jubilee was more complicated.
If he dedicated his field from the year of jubilee according to the Priest’s valuation, the value of the field stood. Whether a high or low value, or a good or bad value, the Priest’s assessment was final. The proceeds went to the Sanctuary as his tithe.
LEVITICUS 27.18 But if he dedicated his field after the jubilee, the Priest calculated the price according to the years remaining to the coming jubilee, and the value was reduced.
At the year of jubilee, all the land in Israel was returned to its original owners at no cost to the original owner. LEVITICUS 25.10
LEVITICUS 27.19 And if he that tithed the field to The LORD redeemed it, that is he bought it back from the Priest, he paid the full value of the field assessed by the Priest, plus twenty percent. That was his tithe, and the field passed back to him.
LEVITICUS 27.20 If he did not redeem the field, or if he had sold the field to another person, the field could not be redeemed any more.
LEVITICUS 27.21 But when the field was tithed to The LORD in the jubilee, the field became Holy to The LORD and the possession of the field belonged to the Priests.
LEVITICUS 27.22-24 This Law is about lands that returned to its original owner at the year of jubilee. The tither did not donate something he owned because it belonged to its original owner. However the field was dedicated to The LORD only by tithing its monetary value as assessed by the Priest. But in the year of jubilee, the field returned to its original owner, not the tither.
LEVITICUS 27.25 All values were assessed by the Priest according to the shekel of the Sanctuary.
LEVITICUS 27.26 A firstborn of the animals that belonged to The LORD could not be tithed to The LORD because it belonged to The LORD. EXODUS 13.2
LEVITICUS 27.27 If the animal that was tithed to The LORD was unclean such as a mule or camel, and redeemed, it was bought back by the tither according to the value the Priest assessed it, plus twenty percent for his tithe. If the animal was not redeemed, it was sold by the Priest according to the Priest’s assessment, and the proceeds of the sale was the tithe.
LEVITICUS 27.28-29 The words in Hebrew for devoted and devote in this Scripture, as in “No devoted thing that a man shall devote to The LORD”, is HEHREM, meaning condemned or accursed. Certain things that some people owned were condemned or cursed because the person might have been an idolator, or took things that were accursed or other reasons those things were condemned.
GOD says, Those devoted, or condemned things were most Holy to The LORD. Meaning those accursed things belonged to The LORD for whatever purpose, punishment, destruction, or judgment The LORD was so pleased to do with those condemned and cursed things. However, if the person tithed those condemned and cursed things to The LORD, that person was put to death. JOSHUA 6.16-17
(Joshua 6.16-17) GOD destroyed Jericho even to this day. But Jericho is Holy to The LORD even though it is accursed. For GOD to do with it as He pleases. Yet He saved Rahab the harlot and all that were in her house. Rahab is in the genealogy of Messiah Yeshua, and most certainly she is in King David’s genealogy. A great blessing for Rahab for blessing GOD’S Jewish People. MATTHEW 1.5
LEVITICUS 27.30-31 All the tithes of the land, whether the seed of the land, or the fruit of the tree is The LORD’S. It is Holy to The LORD. And if a person redeemed any of his tithes, he added twenty percent to its value for the tithe.
LEVITICUS 27.32-33 Concerning the tithes for the herds and flocks, the cattle and oxen, and the sheep and the goats. Those that passed under the rod. That was, and maybe still is the custom of making the animals pass by in single file, and each tenth animal was marked with a rod that was dipped in a colored paint. The tenth animal was Holy to The LORD and tithed to The LORD. The tither was commanded not to search for good or bad animals. He must offer to The LORD the tenth animal that passed under the rod without regard to size or quality. He was not allowed to make any changes. And if he did make a change, both animals were Holy to The LORD, and both were tithed to The LORD. And the animal could not be redeemed.
LEVITICUS 27.34 These are the Commandments which The LORD commanded Moses for the Children of Israel. And these will be GOD’S Laws for tithing to the Temple that will be rebuilt in the Messianic Kingdom in Jerusalem where GOD The Messiah Yeshua, Ha Shem will reign.
Shalom. Ira Weinstein, Congregational Leader