Our teaching will continue from Torah, The Law of Moses from Numbers 28.16-25
AND THE TITLE OF OUR MESSAGE IS, THE HISTORY OF PASSOVER.
And with that said, let’s read Numbers 28.16-25
Passover is a seven day Festival of The LORD. Although Judaism has made Passover an eight day Jewish Holiday in the Diaspora. The Diaspora is the Dispersion of all Jewish People living outside of Israel. However Passover is a seven day Festival in Israel according to GOD’S Commandment in Numbers 28.16-17, LEVITICUS 23.5-6
The first day of The LORD’S Passover is on the evening of the 14th day of the Hebrew month Nisan. This year the evening of Passover falls on Monday at sundown, April 10th. And the Seventh Day of The LORD’S Passover is Monday April 17th.
The first and seventh days of Passover are Sabbaths. No work is to be done on either day.
Also the first and seventh days of Passover are Holy Convocations. Holy Convocation means that the first and seventh days of Passover are Sacred Occasions Dedicated to The LORD GOD. A time set apart for The LORD for a gathering of the People for a Service. LEVITICUS 23.5-8
Leavened bread is replaced with matzah which is unleavened bread. GOD does not allow leavened products to be eaten during the seven days of Passover. No leaven is to be anywhere in your house.
A number of animal sacrifices were made during the seven days of Passover in Tabernacle and Temple times.
The burnt offering was for a sweet aroma to The LORD.
And the grain offering, or as some Bibles call the grain offering, a meal offering or meat offering was also for a sweet aroma to The LORD. And the sin offering was for atonement for the People. NUMBERS 28.16-18, 22, 25, EXODUS 29.18, LEVITICUS 2.1-2
Besides the sacrifices for every Festival of The LORD, The LORD also required the daily sacrifice in the morning and evening that made atonement for the People for the forgiveness of their sins. LEVITICUS 23, NUMBERS 28.1-4
Sin is disobeying the Spoken Word of GOD in The Bible.
And sin is disobeying The Law of Moses. That never changes. 1 JOHN 3.4
THE NEW COVENANT WRITTEN IN JEREMIAH 31.31-34 REPLACES THE ANIMAL SACRIFICE, INCLUDING THE ANIMAL SACRIFICE FOR ATONEMENT.
THE NEW COVENANT THAT GOD MADE WITH THE HOUSE OF ISRAEL AND ALL MANKIND PUTS GOD’S LAW OF MOSES IN YOUR INWARD PARTS, AND WRITES IT IN YOUR HEART (TO OBEY) FOR GOD TO BE YOUR GOD, AND YOU SHALL BE HIS PEOPLE. AND GOD WILL FORGIVE YOUR INIQUITY AND REMEMBER YOUR SIN NEW MORE.
THE NEW COVENANT IS THE JEWISH MESSIAH YESHUA WHOSE DEATH 2,000 YEARS AGO AND HIS SHED BLOOD WAS MADE FOR THE SOLE PURPOSE FOR THE ATONEMENT OF HIS JEWISH PEOPLE AND ALL MANKIND. LEVITICUS 17.8-9, HEBREWS 8.8-12, HEBREWS 10.16-17
HOWEVER, BELIEF IN THE NEW COVENANT MESSIAH YESHUA MUST BE FOLLOWED BY OBEDIENCE TO GOD. OBEDIENCE TO EVERY WORD THAT PROCEEDS OUT OF THE MOUTH OF GOD, AND THAT INCLUDES ALL GOD’S LAWS THAT ARE WRITTEN IN THE LAW OF MOSES. THEN YOUR ATONEMENT WILL BE ACCEPTED BY THE LORD. YOUR SINS WILL BE FORGIVEN. IT IS WRITTEN. ISAIAH 56.6-7, MATTHEW 4.4, LUKE 4.4
MESSIAH YESHUA NEVER CAME TO ABOLISH THE LAW OF MOSES. THAT IS A LIE. MESSIAH YESHUA IS GOD ALMIGHTY, HA SHEM ELOHIM. AND GOD NEVER CHANGES. HIS WORD AND LAWS NEVER END. MALACHI 3.6, ISAIAH 40.8, JOHN 14.9, HEBREW BIBLE ISAIAH 9.5, CHRISTIAN BIBLE ISAIAH 9.6
TODAY, MESSIAH YESHUA’S ATONEMENT IS THE ONLY ATONEMENT AVAILABLE TO ALL MANKIND. JEWISH AND NON-JEWISH PEOPLE.
THERE ARE NO OTHER ALTERNATIVES FOR ATONEMENT SUCH AS THE PAYMENT OF COMPENSATION FOR WRONG COMMITTED, OR THROUGH SUFFERING, OR THROUGH THE PERFORMANCE OF CERTAIN RITUALS, EVEN WITH ACCOMPANYING REPENTANCE AND THE RECTIFICATION OR MAKING RIGHT ONE’S WAY OF LIFE.
FOR IT IS WRITTEN IN TORAH, THE LAW OF MOSES IN LEVITICUS 17.11, “FOR IT IS THE BLOOD THAT MAKES ATONEMENT FOR THE SOUL.”
TODAY, WITHOUT THE ANIMAL SACRIFICE, THE BLOOD THAT MAKES ATONEMENT FOR YOUR SOUL IS THE BLOOD OF THE JEWISH MESSIAH YESHUA.
THE JEWISH MESSIAH CAME 2,000 YEARS AGO FOR ONE PURPOSE. TO GIVE HIS LIFE FOR OUR ATONEMENT, TO FORGIVE US OUR SINS.
WHY IS ATONEMENT SO IMPORTANT? BECAUSE GOD SAID TO MOSES, WHOSOEVER HAS SINNED AGAINST ME, HIM WILL I BLOT OUT OF MY BOOK. GOD’S BOOK IS THE BOOK OF LIFE. AND THOSE INSCRIBED IN GOD’S BOOK OF LIFE HAVE ETERNAL LIFE IN HEAVEN. AND SIN IS BREAKING THE LAW OF MOSES. EXODUS 32.33, NUMBERS 5.6, 1 JOHN 3.4, MATTHEW 26.26, REVELATION 20.15
One more thing about the sacrificed animals in Tabernacle and Temple times. Often the perfect animal sacrifice was made to be a Sweet Savor, or Sweet Aroma to The LORD. Messiah Yeshua’s Atoning death was like a sweet aroma, Pleasing to The LORD. For it is written in Isaiah 53.10, Yet it Pleased The LORD to afflict Him and put Him to grief when You (LORD) shall make His Soul an offering for sin.
LET’S LOOK INTO THE HISTORY OF PASSOVER.
Some two thousand years after the Creation, GOD took Abram, whose name He changed to Abraham years later, out from the Gentiles.
And GOD also took Sarai whom GOD later called Sarah out from the Gentiles to be Abraham’s wife. They are the father and mother, the founders of the Jewish People.
Although GOD created the Jewish People for Himself. DEUTERONOMY 7.6, ISAIAH 43.10
The Jewish People were first called Hebrews, and the Children of Israel, and then called Jewish when they returned to Judah in the Land of Israel from the Babylonian exile in 516 B.C.E., B.C.
Jewish in Hebrew is Yehudi meaning PRAISER OF GOD.
Abraham was born in Ur of the Chaldees which today would be at the mouth of the Persian Gulf in today’s Iraq.
Terah, Abraham’s father, worshiped other gods, as many Gentiles today worship other gods. See the doctrine of the trinity of three distinct and different gods. JOSHUA 24.2
BUT ABRAHAM WORSHIPED ONLY ONE GOD. AND PERHAPS IT WAS MELCHIZEDEK, THE LORD GOD HIMSELF, WHO SAID TO ABRAHAM, BLESSED BE GOD MOST HIGH.
MELCHIZEDEK SPOKE OF ONE GOD. GENESIS 14.18-22, GENESIS 15.6, GENESIS 17.8, HEBREWS 7.1-3
AND ABRAHAM SAID TO THE KING OF SODOM, I HAVE LIFTED UP MY HAND TO THE LORD GOD MOST HIGH, THE POSSESSOR OF HEAVEN AND EARTH.
WHEN THE BIBLE SAYS, “THE” LORD GOD MOST HIGH, THE BIBLE IS SPEAKING OF ONLY ONE GOD. AND THAT ONE GOD IS MESSIAH YESHUA, POSSESSOR OF HEAVEN AND EARTH.
At the age of seventy-five, The LORD told Abram to leave Haran, the Country Abram, his wife and family were living in. And go to a Land that I will show you. And I will make of you a great nation, and I will bless you, and make your name great. And you shall be a blessing. And I will bless those who bless you, and curse him that curses you.
The word “you” as in, I will bless them who bless “you” and curse him that curses “you” means that GOD will bless those who bless Abraham and the House of Abraham. The House of Abraham are The Jewish People. And GOD will curse those who curse Abraham and the House of Abraham, The Jewish People.
And GOD said, In “you” shall all the families of the earth be blessed. GENESIS 12.1-5
THE FAMILIES OF THE EARTH ARE BLESSED IN ABRAHAM AND THE JEWISH PEOPLE WHEN THEY BELIEVE IN THE JEWISH MESSIAH YESHUA FOR ATONEMENT, AND LIVE THEIR LIVES ACCORDING TO EVERY WORD GOD SPOKE TO THE JEWISH PEOPLE IN THE BIBLE. THAT INCLUDES ALL GOD’S LAWS THAT ARE WRITTEN IN THE LAW OF MOSES.
THAT IS GOD’S FORMULA FOR ETERNAL LIFE. MATTHEW 4.4
So Abram left Haran, north of the Euphrates River, with his wife Sarai, and his nephew Lot, and all that they owned. And they went to the Land of Canaan, which today is Israel.
After these things, The Bible says, The Word of The LORD came to Abram in a vision, Saying, Abram, I am your shield and very great reward. And Abram believed in The LORD and GOD counted it for Righteousness.
And GOD said, Know for sure that your descendants shall be strangers in a Land that is not theirs. And shall serve them, and they shall afflict them four hundred years.
GOD was prophesying of four hundred years of Jewish slavery in Egypt that brought on the first Passover.
And also that nation whom they shall serve, I will judge.
And afterward they shall come out with great riches.
And you shall go to your fathers in peace. You shall be buried in a good old age.
But after the four hundred years of slavery they shall come here to the land of Canaan again. For the iniquity of the Amorites (who were the Canaanites) is not yet complete.
And in the same day, The LORD made a Covenant with Abram saying, Unto your Descendants (The Jewish People) I have given this Land from the River of Egypt, to the great river, the Euphrates River, the Kenites, and the Kenizzites, and the Kadmonites, and the Hittites, and the Perizzites, and the Rephaim, and the Amorites, and the Canaanites, and the Girgashites, and the Jebusites. GENESIS 15
And when Abram was ninety-nine years old, The LORD appeared to Abram and said to him, I AM THE ALMIGHTY GOD. Walk before Me and be perfect. And Abram fell on his face, and GOD talked with him saying, My Covenant is with you, and you shall be the father of many nations. No longer shall your name be Abram but Abraham for a father of many nations have I made you.
And I will establish My Covenant between Me and you and your descendants after you (The Jewish People) for an Everlasting Covenant to be GOD to you and to your descendants after you. And I will give to you, and to your descendants after you the Land wherein you are a stranger. All the land of Canaan for an Everlasting Possession. And I will be their GOD.
The Land of Canaan GOD renamed Israel. GENESIS 17, GENESIS 21.12
Isaac was born from Abraham and Sarah when Abraham was one hundred years old, and Sarah was ninety. GENESIS 17.17, GENESIS 21.5
When Abraham was old and well stricken in age, The Bible says, And The LORD had blessed Abraham in all things, Abraham said to his eldest servant who ruled over all that he had, I will make you swear by The LORD, The GOD of Heaven and The GOD of the earth that you will not take a wife for my son Isaac from the daughters of the Canaanites among whom I dwell.
But you shall go to my country to my family and take a wife for my son Issac.
And his servant said, Peradventure the woman will not be willing to follow me to this Land. Must I bring your son again to the Land from where you came?
And Abraham said to him, Beware that you do not bring my son there again. The LORD GOD of Heaven, which took me from my father’s house and from the land of my kindred, and Who Spoke to me, and Who Swore to me, saying, Unto your descendants will I give this Land.
The LORD shall send His Angel before you and you shall take a wife for my son from there.
And Abraham’s servant took ten camels of the camels of his master, and departed and all the goods of his master were in his hand.
And he went to Mesopotamia, current-day Iraq and Syria, to the city of Nahor. And he made his camels to kneel down outside the City by a well of water at the time of the evening when the women go to draw water.
And he prayed, O LORD GOD of my master Abraham, I pray Thee, give me good fortune this day and show kindness to my master Abraham.
Behold, I stand here by the well of water, and the daughters of the men of the city come to draw water.
And let it come to pass that the damsel to whom I shall say, Let down your pitcher, please, that I may drink. And she shall say, Drink, and I will give your camels water also.
Let her be she that You have appointed for your servant Isaac. And then I will know that You have shown kindness to my master.
And it happened before he finished praying that Rebekah came out, who was born to Bethuel, the son of Milcah, the wife of Nahor, Abraham’s brother, with her pitcher upon her shoulder.
And the damsel was beautiful, a virgin, neither had any man known her.
And she went down to the well, and filled her pitcher, and came up. And the servant ran to meet her, and said, Please, Let me drink a little water from your pitcher. And she said, Drink, my lord, and she quickly let down her pitcher and gave him water to drink. And when she was done giving him water to drink, she said, I will draw water for your camels also until they are done drinking.
The man, meanwhile, stood gazing at her, silently wondering whether The LORD had made his errand successful or not.
And when the camels had finished drinking, the man took a golden earring, and two gold bracelets for her arms, and he said, please, tell me whose daughter are you? And she replied, I am the daughter of Bethuel the son of Milcah whom she bore to Nahor.
And the man bowed low to worship The LORD, and said, Blessed be The LORD, The GOD of my master Abraham who has not withheld His mercy and truth from my master. For I have been guided on my errand by The LORD to the house of my master’s kinsmen.
And Rebekah’s family sent her away, and her nurse, with Abraham’s servant.
And Isaac went out into the field and looked up and saw the camels coming. And Rebekah looked, and when she saw Isaac, she came down from the camel, for she said to the servant, What man is this that walks in the field to meet us?
And the servant said, it is my master Isaac. And Rebekah took a veil and covered herself.
And the servant told Isaac all that he had done.
And Isaac brought Rebekah into his mother Sarah’s tent. And took Rebekah, and she became his wife. And he loved her. And Isaac was comforted after his mother’s death. GENESIS 24
And Isaac’s wife Rebekah gave birth to Esau and Jacob. And from Jacob and his wives, twelve sons were born who became the fathers of the twelve tribes of Israel. Reuben, Simeon, Levi, Judah, Dan, Naphtali, Gad, Asher, Issachar, Zebulun, Joseph, Benjamin, and a daughter Dinah.
And Jacob dwelled in the Land of Canaan where his fathers Abraham and Isaac were strangers, which today is the Land of Israel.
And the Hand of GOD was at work again.
Because Jacob’s sons were jealous of Joseph, Jacob’s second youngest of his children, and they hated him, his brothers sought to kill Joseph and toss him into a pit. But the oldest brother Reuben said, let’s not kill him but just toss him into a pit. Reuben thinking he will save Joseph and bring him back to his father Jacob.
And when Joseph came to them in the field, they took hold of him and stripped him of his coat of many colors, and tossed Joseph into a pit that was empty without water. And they sat down to eat.
In the meantime, a caravan of Midianite merchant men came and pulled Joseph out of the pit, and sold him to the Ishmaelites for twenty pieces of silver. And the Ishmaelites brought Joseph down to Egypt and sold him there. And of course when Reuben and the brothers returned to the pit, their brother Joseph was gone. And Reuben rent his clothes. And their father Jacob was devastated. GENESIS 37
And Joseph was sold to an Officer of Pharaoh whose wife set eyes on Joseph, but Joseph rejected her. And the Officer’s wife had Joseph thrown into prison. And while in prison, Joseph interpreted the dreams of two prisoners that came to pass. GENESIS 40
And when Pharaoh had two dreams that troubled him, that none of his pagan magicians could interpret, it was told Pharaoh of Joseph who interpreted the dreams of two prisoners in jail. And Joseph was quickly brought before Pharaoh to interpret his dreams which GOD had shown Joseph what The LORD was about to do.
Pharaoh’s dreams were about seven years of great abundance of food in Egypt to be followed by seven years of great famine in Egypt and the surrounding Countries including Canaan where Joseph’s family lived.
And Pharaoh made Joseph Governor of Egypt under Pharaoh to supervise the great abundance of food in Egypt and the famine.
Well, during the seven years of famine, Jacob sent his sons to Egypt to buy food. And they came face to face with their brother Joseph, the same brother they wanted to kill. But they did not recognize Joseph. But Joseph recognized them.
And after a series of taunting mischief that Joseph put his brothers through, Joseph sold them food, revealed himself to them. They hugged, and kissed. and cried. And Joseph, with the approval of Pharaoh invited Jacob and the entire Jewish family of seventy to come down to Egypt and live in Goshen. Which they did.
After Joseph’s Pharaoh died, The Bible says, There arose up a new King over Egypt who did not know Joseph, as Joseph had died and all his brothers, and all that generation had died.
And the Egyptians put the Children of Israel under severe bondage for four hundred years as GOD Prophesied to Abraham.
And The Children of Israel grew in population to some three million people in Egypt fulfilling GOD’S Prophesy that He would make of Abraham a Great Nation. GENESIS 15.13, GENESIS 12.2
And at the end of four hundred years of Jewish slavery, The LORD sent Moses to lead His People out of Egypt to the Promised Land on the first Passover that GOD created for the Deliverance of His People.
On the evening of the 14th day of the Hebrew Month Nisan, GOD commanded His Jewish People to take a perfect lamb for each house.
And the whole Assembly of the Congregation of Israel was to kill the lamb in the evening. And take it’s blood and strike it on the doorposts of their homes where they ate the lamb with unleavened bread, and with bitter herbs.
THE LAMB, GOD SAID, IS THE LORD’S PASSOVER.
For I will pass through the land of Egypt this night and kill all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both man and beast. And against all the gods of Egypt I will execute judgment. I AM THE LORD.
AND THE BLOOD SHALL BE TO YOU FOR A MIRACLE UPON THE HOUSES WHERE YOU ARE. AND WHEN I SEE THE BLOOD, I WILL PASS OVER YOU AND THE PLAGUE WILL NOT BE UPON YOU TO DESTROY YOU WHEN I STRIKE THE LAND OF EGYPT.
And this day shall be to you for a Memorial, and you shall keep it a Feast to The LORD throughout your generations for an ordinance forever.
Seven days you shall eat unleavened bread, that is matzah. The first day you shall put away leaven out of your houses. For whosoever eats leavened bread from the first day until the seventh day, that soul shall be cut off from Israel.
And in the first day there shall be a Holy Convocation. And in the seventh day there shall be a Holy Convocation.
No manner of work shall be done in the first and seventh days of Passover except that which everyone must eat. That only may be done of you.
And the Children of Israel did as The LORD Commanded.
And it came to pass that at midnight The LORD killed all the firstborn in the land of Egypt from the firstborn of Pharaoh to the firstborn of the captive that was in the dungeon. And all the firstborn of the cattle. And there was a great cry in Egypt for there was not a house where there was not one Egyptian dead.
AND THE EXODUS TO THE PROMISED LAND, THE LAND OF CANAAN, BEGAN WHICH THE LORD GOD NAMED THE LAND OF ISRAEL AFTER JACOB.
THE CHILDREN OF ISRAEL WERE DELIVERED FROM EGYPT BY THE LORD THEIR GOD ON THE FIRST PASSOVER.
And as THE GOD OF ISRAEL had promised Abraham, The Children of Israel came out with great riches. EXODUS 12, GENESIS 15.14
MESSIAH YESHUA, THE JEWISH MESSIAH IS ALSO OUR PERFECT PASSOVER LAMB BECAUSE HE GAVE HIS LIFE ON THE FIRST DAY OF PASSOVER 2,000 YEARS AGO, AND SHED HIS BLOOD TO DELIVER HIS PEOPLE FROM OUR SINS. MATTHEW 1.21
Ira Weinstein, Congregational Leader